By Malcolm Wanklyn
An army historical past of the English Civil warfare examines how the civil conflict was once gained, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With a simple variety and transparent chronology that allows readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits extra, this unique background offers an intensive critique of the explanations which have been pointed out for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic innovations of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of conflict and analyses the choices they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution used to be extra accountable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the way in which that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the warfare ended whilst it did.
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Extra resources for A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646
Opposing bodies of pikemen would advance towards one another hoping to break the enemy and cause them to flee by ‘push of pike’. 3 The muzzle-loading matchlock, the predominant infantry firearm, was a clumsy, inefficient weapon. 4 Musketeers using matchlocks also required a constantly lighted length of cord, the match, to fire their weapon, the fuse being a trickle of gunpowder that passed from the pan on the outside of the barrel via a small hole to the charge itself. Such an arrangement made matchlocks useless in wet weather and dangerous to handle in windy conditions.
11 In 1600 and for some years to come, the artillery’s principal military value was in battering down the walls of castles and fortified towns, and it is this that largely explains why seventeenthcentury armies felt it necessary to haul heavy guns around the countryside with great difficulty and at great expense. Cavalry was by far the most important arm on the seventeenth-century battlefield. Victory usually went to the side that, having routed the opposing cavalry, rallied and then changed the direction of its attack to take the enemy foot in flank and rear.
He vetoed the bill, on the grounds that such powers were, and always had been, fundamental to monarchical authority in England. 1 Charles then left for the north of England for fear of being taken back to London by force, thus finally removing the fiction that king and Parliament were cooperating to govern England, but a month passed before either decided to test the other’s resolution. The flash point was Hull, where much of the arms and ammunition collected to fight the Scots in 1640 was stored.
A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646 by Malcolm Wanklyn