By Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas
Based to fulfill employers' wishes for low-wage farm employees, the well known Bracero application recruited millions of Mexicans to accomplish actual hard work within the usa among 1942 and 1964 in alternate for remittances despatched again to Mexico. As companions and relatives have been dispersed throughout nationwide borders, interpersonal relationships have been reworked. The lengthy absences of Mexican staff, commonly males, pressured ladies and kids at domestic to inhabit new roles, create new identities, and focus on long-distance conversation from fathers, brothers, and sons.
Drawing on a rare diversity of assets, Ana Elizabeth Rosas uncovers a formerly hidden heritage of transnational kin lifestyles. Intimate and private reports are printed to teach how Mexican immigrants and their households weren't passive sufferers yet as an alternative stumbled on how one can include the spirit (abrazando el espíritu) of creating and enforcing tricky judgements pertaining to their family...
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Extra resources for Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border
The alienation migrant workers experienced in the United States paralleled similar tensions among and between Mexican rural elite and working-class families in Mexican society. The struggle against dehumanizing class tensions among and within Mexican immigrant families who had been left behind escalated in accordance with worsening US class, ethnic, and racial tensions, revealing the transnationality of both the workers’ vulnerability and their resilience. Like Mexican Americans, Mexican rural elite families developed a subset of discourses and initiatives to solidify class stratification and to protect their economic and social interests throughout the Bracero Program’s duration.
By investigating the Bracero Program experience in Mexico and the United States as a key component of an as yet largely unwritten transnational and gendered Mexican immigrant family history, this book does not conform neatly to the traditional linear teleology generally used to frame and investigate immigration to the United States, which posits a linear progression from immigrant settlement to inclusion in US society and full citizenship. The US government used program labor agreements to deny braceros and undocumented Mexican immigrants this trajectory.
They were warned that women’s desires for reunion could be interpreted as improperly challenging their migrant husbands’ judgments and intentions. It took great courage and considerable ingenuity and labor for these women to express and share their feelings of loss and longing. The Torres family portrait reveals some of the emotional issues confronting families during the bracero era. Thus it serves as a perfect cover illustration for the concerns in this book. 4 Veneranda used the portrait to express and share her feelings with Jesus.
Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border by Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas