By Alan D. Wilson;John W. Nicholson
There was a failure to acknowledge acid-base cements as a unmarried, well-defined category of fabric. This publication makes an attempt to treatment this case through unifying the topic and treating this diversity of fabrics as a unmarried type. Following a quick old assessment, an introductory bankruptcy defines those cements as fabrics which are shaped by means of reacting a easy powder with an acidic liquid to yield a salt-like matrix. the character of the cementation procedure and the cement-forming acids and bases are mentioned. different chapters are dedicated to the tools of analysis, the constitution of water and easy polyelectrolyte concept.
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Additional info for Acid-Base Cements: Their Biomedical and Industrial Applications (Chemistry of Solid State Materials)
Lemery, another supporter of the corpuscular theory of chemistry, had similar views and considered that acid-base reactions were the result of the penetration of sharp acid particles into porous bases (Walden, 1929; Finston & Rychtman, 1982). However, the first widely accepted theory was that of Lavoisier who in 1777 pronounced that oxygen was the universal acidifying principle (Crosland, 1973; Walden, 1929; Day & Selbin, 1969; Finston & Rychtman, 1982). An acid was defined as a compound of oxygen with a non-metal.
1923a). The uniqueness of hydrogen. Chemistry & Industry, 42, 43. Lowry, T. M. (1923b). Co-ordination and acidity. Chemistry & Industry, 42, 1048-52. Luder, W. F. (1940). The electronic theory of acids and bases. Chemical Reviews, 27, 547-83. Luder, W. F. (1948). Contemporary acid-base theory. Journal of Chemical Education, 25, 555-8. Lux, H. (1939). 'Sauren' und 'Basen' im Schelzfluss: Die Bestimmung der Sauerstoffionen-Konzentration. Zeitschrift fur Elektrochemie, 45, 303-9. Pattison Muir, M.
It is not appropriate in this chapter to give a detailed review of the solidstate behaviour of water in its various crystalline modifications. However, there are some general structures which are relevant and worth highlighting. Firstly, water molecules in these various solids have dimensions and bond angles which do not differ much from those of an isolated water molecule. Secondly, the number of nearest neighbours to which each individual molecule is hydrogen-bonded remains four, regardless of the ice polymorph.
Acid-Base Cements: Their Biomedical and Industrial Applications (Chemistry of Solid State Materials) by Alan D. Wilson;John W. Nicholson