Physical Chemistry

Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner PDF

By Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner

ISBN-10: 1118122356

ISBN-13: 9781118122358

ISBN-10: 1118158717

ISBN-13: 9781118158715

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the leading edge of analysis in chemical physics

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the chemical physics and actual chemistry fields with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each zone of the self-discipline. jam-packed with state-of-the-art study stated in a cohesive demeanour no longer came across in different places within the literature, every one quantity of the Advances in Chemical Physics sequence deals contributions from across the world well known chemists and serves because the excellent complement to any complicated graduate classification dedicated to the examine of chemical physics.

This quantity explores:

  • keep an eye on of Quantum Phenomena (Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti, and Herschel Rabitz)

  • Crowded fees in Ion Channels (Bob Eisenberg)

  • Colloidal Crystallization among and 3 Dimensions (H. Lowen, E.C. Oguz, L. Assoud, and R. Messina)

  • Statistical Mechanics of drinks and Fluids in Curved area (Gilles Tarjus, FranCois Sausset, and Pascal Viot)


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Extra resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148

Sample text

In a recent experiment with trapped-ion qubits, shaped pulses designed using QOCT were applied to enact single-qubit gates with enhanced robustness to noise in the control field [357]. Optimal control methods were also applied to the problem of storage and retrieval of photonic states in atomic media, including both theoretical optimization [358–360] and experimental tests [361–363]. D. Advantages and Limitations of QOCT An advantage of QOCT relative to the laboratory execution of AFC (to be discussed in detail in Section V) is that the former can be used to optimize a well-defined objective functional of virtually any form, while the latter relies on information obtained from measurements and thus is best suited to optimize expectation values of directly measurable observables.

543] used AFC with shaped ultrafast laser pulses in the deep UV to control the ring-opening reaction of CHD to form 1,3,5-hexatriene. Greenfield et al. [544] performed AFC of the photoisomerization and cyclization reactions in cis-stilbene dissolved in n-hexane. They employed phase-modulated 266 nm femtosecond pulses to maximize or minimize the yields of cis- to trans-stilbene isomerization, as well as cis-stilbene to 4a,4b-dihydrophenanthrene cyclization.

Applications of AFC in Multiphoton Microscopy An important application of AFC with shaped femtosecond laser pulses is in multiphoton excited fluorescence (MPEF) microscopy. For a given pulse energy, the transform-limited pulse has the maximum peak intensity, which helps to increase the fluorescence signal intensity, but unfortunately also increases the rate of photobleaching of the molecules (which is especially undesirable with samples of live cells). Use of optimally shaped pulses instead of a transform-limited pulse can reduce the bleaching rate, enhance spatial resolution, and increase contrast in biological fluorescence imaging.

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