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Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy's An introduction to English morphology: words and their PDF

By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

ISBN-10: 0748613269

ISBN-13: 9780748613267

ISBN-10: 0748613277

ISBN-13: 9780748613274

What precisely are phrases? Are they the issues that get indexed in dictionaries, or are they the elemental devices of sentence constitution? Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy explores the results of those varied techniques to phrases in English. He explains some of the ways that phrases are regarding each other, and exhibits how the background of the English language has affected be aware constitution. subject matters comprise: phrases, sentences and dictionaries; a observe and its components (roots and affixes); a be aware and its types (inflection); a observe and its kin (derivation); compound phrases; observe constitution; productiveness; and the ancient resources of English observe formation.

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Extra info for An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure

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Third person singular present tense: b. past tense: c. progressive participle: d. perfect or passive participle: e. basic form (used everywhere else): performs performed performing performed perform When two grammatical words that are distinct for some lexemes are systematically identical for others, as here, these forms are said to be syncretised, or to exhibit syncretism. The same syncretism also occurs with some irregular verbs, such as  and  (past = perfect participle dug, stung) and all those that use the suffix -t, such as , , and  (bent, felt, taught).

The second reason is that, unless otherwise specified, we can be confident that the plural form of any countable noun will be formed by adding to the singular form the suffix -s (or rather, the appropriate allomorph of this suffix); in other words, suffixing -s is the regular method of forming plurals. 02 pages 001-152 32 18/10/01 3:43 pm Page 32 AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY That qualification ‘unless otherwise specified’ is crucial, however. Any native speaker of English, after a moment’s thought, should be able to think of at least two or three nouns that form their plural in some other way than by adding -s: for example,  has the plural form children,  has the plural teeth, and  has the plural men.

Progressive participle: d. perfect or passive participle: e. basic form (used everywhere else): performs performed performing performed perform When two grammatical words that are distinct for some lexemes are systematically identical for others, as here, these forms are said to be syncretised, or to exhibit syncretism. The same syncretism also occurs with some irregular verbs, such as  and  (past = perfect participle dug, stung) and all those that use the suffix -t, such as , , and  (bent, felt, taught).

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An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure by Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy


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